Hermetica – Popular Platonism
Apocalyptic texts and related intellectual currents emerging between the 1st and the 3rd centuries AD, ultimately...
Diogenes Laertius’ Plato
The third book of Diogenes Laertius’ work is devoted to Plato. It includes a biography of the philosopher, a...
Eudoxus
Philosopher and mathematician of the 4th c. B.C., Eudoxus was an intimate friend of Plato. He is attributed with the...
The immortality of the soul and the doctrine of reincarnation
In his dialogues of maturity, Plato endorses the distinction between a mortal body and an immortal soul. In addition,...
Socratic Schools
Socrates’ personality had a strong impact not only on Plato but also on the so-called minor Socratic philosophers. This group includes Antisthenes, an Athenian, Aristippus of Cyrene, Euclides...
Cynosarges
The third most important gymnasium in Classical Athens is situated outside Athens’ city walls, on the south bank of Ilissus River. Youths lacking Athenian parentage on both sides exercised...
Al-Fārābī
Muslim philosopher (870-950), one of the leading Arab thinkers of the Middle Ages, became known as the Magister Secundus. He dealt with both metaphysics, psychology, logic and practical philosophy...
Plato’s Successors – Scholarchs of the Academy
The Platonic Academy operated from its founding in 387 BC until the mid-first century BC. Specialists distinguish the Old Academy (until 265 BC) of Plato’s immediate successors, from the New...
Socratic Schools Cynosarges Al-Fārābī Plato’s Successors – Scholarchs of the Academy