Category: Plato in 80 entries

History of Ancient Greek Philosophy (Periodization)

Ancient Greek philosophy emerged in Ionia in the beginning of the 6th century B.C. Following Aristotle (Metaphysics I), we presume the first philosopher to be Thales of Miletus (c. 585 B.C.). The end of ancient philosophy is usually placed in the 6th century A.D., when Justinian closed down the School of Athens (529 A.D.).

The history of ancient philosophy is divided in the following periods:

• Presocratic period (6th and 5th centuries B.C.). From Thales to Democritus.

• Classical period (from the end of the 5th c. to the end of the 4th century. B.C.). Sophists, Socrates, Plato, Aristotle.

• Hellenistic period (3rd century B.C. - end of 2nd century A.D.). Epicurean philosophy, Stoic philosophy, Sceptics.

• Philosophy in late antiquity (3rd - 6th century A.D.). Neoplatonism, Schools of Eclectics, Commentators, Beginnings of Christian philosophy.

Chronological index of eminent philosophers

̴585 B.C. Thales

̴570 B.C. Anaximander

 ̴530 B.C. Pythagoras

̴500 B.C. Heraclitus

̴480 B.C. Parmenides

̴460 B.C. Anaxagoras

̴455 B.C. Empedocles

̴445 B.C. Protagoras

̴440 B.C. Gorgias

̴420 B.C. Democritus

469-399 B.C. Socrates

428-347 B.C. Plato

384-322 B.C. Aristotle

335-263 B.C. Zeno of Citium

342-271 B.C. Epicurus

331-232 B.C. Cleanthes

316-242 B.C. Arcesilaus

280-207 B.C. Chrysippus

214-129 B.C. Carneades

135-51 B.C. Posidonius

106-43 B.C. Cicero

4-65 A.D. Seneca

50-138 A.D. Epictetus

121-180 A.D. Marcus Aurelius

175-242 A.D. Ammonius Saccas

185-254 A.D. Origen

204-270 A.D. Plotinus

242-327 A.D. Iamblichus

317-388 A.D. Themistius

335-394 A.D. Gregory of Nyssa

412-485 A.D. Proclus

458-535 A.D. Damascius

6th century A.D. Pseudo-Dionysius the Aeropagite

490-570 A.D. John Philoponus

490-560 A.D. Simplicius

Author: Vasilis Kalfas
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