Cynosarges
The third most important gymnasium in Classical Athens is situated outside Athens’ city walls, on the south bank of Ilissus River. Youths lacking Athenian parentage on both sides exercised there, while in the 4th century it became the “seat” of Cynic philosophers.
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Depictions of philosophers in mosaics and mural paintings
The depictions of philosophers in mosaics of antiquity reproduce a very popular motif of the time, the seven male figures corresponding to the scheme of the seven sages of antiquity. The central figure in these scenes, depending the occasion, was either Socrates, or Plato.
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House of Proclus
The alleged house of Proclus is a Late Roman villa of the 5th century, below the surface of today's street Dionysiou Areopagitou, in the foundations of which traces of pagan worship were found. These findings combined with the location of the villa and the testimony of ancient sources for the house...
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Plato in Byzantine and Post-Byzantine Art
Plato is depicted in Byzantine and post-Byzantine art mostly in paintings outside the churches’ nave as a Greek sage, with iconographic elements that vary, and as a member of the cycle of ancient Greek sages who spoke of the (God’s) Word.
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Portraits and statues of philosophers
The sculptured portraits of philosophers in the 4thc.BC are essentially standardized representations of "the role of the philosopher" with a small margin for personal characteristics, and integrated into the wider intellectual type of classical art. Unlike with the works ofthe 3rdcentury. BC, where...
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Portraits of Plato
The picture we have for the figure of Plato has been formed by a number of Roman era copies that seemingly echoe the now lost portrait of the philosopher, the work of sculptor Silanion. The main feature of Plato’s portrait is the wide forehead, short hair, long beard and the serious...
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Portraits of Socrates
The image of Socrates as preserved in copies of sculpted portraits of the Late Classical and Hellenistic period presents some specific and greatly exaggerated facial features, and also a gradual evolution from demonic to idealized.
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Stoa Poikile
StoaPoikile is located in the north side of the Agora of Athens and its construction dates back to the second quarter of the 5th century. B.C. The portico took the name "Poikile" (colorful) from the walls that were decorated with the works of Polygnotus, Mikon and Panaenus. In addition to its other...
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The Academy
The site of the Academy is situated outside the city walls, west of the Dipylon Gate. The area of the Academy attained great fame in 387 BC when, having returned from his first visit to Italy, Plato established his celebrated school in the area of the gymnasium.
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The circle of Plato: mosaic from Pompeii
The mosaic from Pompeii which is known as the “Circle of Plato" depicts seven men in mature age - philosophers, for whom there have been proposed several identifications. Most scholars believe that the central figure of the composition is Plato.
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