20th century political theories and Plato
Throughout the twentieth century platonic philosophy becomes the subject of various hermeneutic approaches. The politico-ideological Plato constitutes the emblem of various intellectual currents and pursuits whereas towards the end of the century it is the school of analytic interpretation that...
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Academic Scepticism
Philosophical movement which dominated Plato’s Academy from the 3rd century until the beginning of the 1st century BC. Its main target was the dialectical elenchus of philosophical theories and theses. Its best known arguments attacked the thesis that knowledge, considered to be necessary for...
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Aristotle
Aristotle carries out a systematic and rigorous critique of the theory of Forms. His basic objection is that Forms -both in their standard formulation, and in their mathematical version as it is exposed in the unwritten doctrines- do not have an autonomous ontological status, and they cannot...
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Christianity and Middle Platonism
The birth of Christian philosophy for apologetic purposes was affected by Middle Platonism and represented by important thinkers as Justin and Clement of Alexandria.
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Christianity and Platonism
The relation between Christianity and Platonism, both as historical phenomena and theoretical discourses, is one of the most important aspects of the history of philosophy of late antiquity and the Middle Ages, because for the larger part of this period Platonism was considered almost synonymous...
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Collection and Division of the Forms
The method of collection and division indicates the final stage of Platonic dialectics. By employing this method, the philosopher attempts at determining the mutual relations of the Forms, and their eligibility to associate with each other.
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Deconstructive readings of Plato (Derrida)
Based on the view that Plato's work inaugurated and grounded Western metaphysics and its dogmatic inflexibility, the philosopher's work became subject to a series of deconstructive readings, with Derrida's being the most renowned ones.
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German Idealism, Hegelian dialectic and Plato
German Idealism discovers anew Plato’s philosophy and proclaims it to be a constant source of philosophical inspiration by recognising it as the birthplace of western metaphysics.
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Gnosticism and Plato
Redemptive teachings that developed in the context of Christianity in the course of the first three centuries of its history under the clear influence of Platonic philosophy, especially in terms of the differences between the intelligible and the sensible realms or the eternal and the perishable...
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Hermetica – Popular Platonism
Apocalyptic texts and related intellectual currents emerging between the 1st and the 3rd centuries AD, ultimately inspired by the Platonic doctrine on the distinction between the sensible and the intelligible realms and the human soul’s ability to attain redemption.
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